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Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area

Blue Elderberry (Sambucus nigra ssp cerulea)

SANI flowers and fruit by Liz MatthewsBlue elderberry (Sambucus nigra) is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets with many branches and can have multiple trunks. It grows up to 25 feet tall. The leaves are divided into 5 to 9 leaflets with toothed edges. The small yellowish-white flowers are displayed in dense clusters.

California Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia)

California Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia) is a large evergreen tree has a dark grey short trunk and wide spreading branches. Leathery leaves are a shiny green above and dull with fuzz below with spiny holly like margins. The flowers are monoecious; meaning they have flowers with only male parts and flowers with only female parts on the same plant.

Coyotebrush (Baccharis pilularis)

BAPI flowers- Liz MatthewsBaccharis pilularis is a shrub in the Aster family that can be up to three meters tall. The leaves are toothed, oval, and sticky. Coyotebrush is dioecious, meaning each plant has flowers with either all male parts or all female parts.

Valley Oak (Quercus lobata)

Valley Oak (Quercus lobata) is a deciduous tree that can be over 30 meters tall. The light grey bark has a texture reminiscent of alligator hide. When trees are very old, the branches get droopy. The deeply lobed leaves are rounded and 5 to 12 centimeters long.

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